This page contains sites providing engineering, consulting and equipment for pulp and paper mill effluent treatment to protect environment.

  1. Aquaflow Ltd., Finland
  2. Ausenco, Australia
  3. Jaakko Poyry Consulting AB, Stockholm, Sweden
  4. Moore & Associates, Atlanta, GA, USA
  5. Precision Energy Services, Inc., Hayden, ID, USA
  6. SNC-Lavalin, Montreal, QC, Canada
  7. Veolia Environmental Services, Pyrmont, NSW, Australia
  1. A.H.Lundberg Associates, Inc., Bellevue, WA, USA (Environmental protection system)
  2. ALGAS Fluid Technology System AS, Norway
  3. BDP Industries, Greenwich, NY, USA - (Dewatering Equipments)
  4. Bio-Nomic Services, Inc., Charlette, NC, USA - (Sewer cleaning, Sludge dewatering)
  5. EIMCO Process Equipment, Salt Lake City, UT, USA - ( Solid-Liquid Separation Equipment)
  6. FKC Co. Ltd., Tokyo, Japan - ( Screw Press & Rotary Screen Thickener)
  7. Meri Group of Industries, Germany (Effluent Treatment Plants)
  8. New Logic Research, Inc. Emeryville, CA, USA (chemical membrane cleaners)
  9. Paal Group (Paal, Faes, Comdec-Paal & Dicom), Germany (Baler, Compactors, Sorter etc.)
  10. Paques bv, The Netherlands - (Wastewater Treatment Package)
  11. Purac AB, Sweden (Water & waste water treatment plants)
  12. Synagro, Houston, TX, USA - (Biosolid Management)


  1. ChemTreat, Inc., Richmond, VA, USA- (Water Treatment Chemical)
  2. Linde Group Murray Hill NJ USA (Process Gases)

  1. Environmental Paper Blog
  2. Industry Council for Packaging and Environment (INCPEN), London, UK
  3. Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries, Inc., Washington, DC, USA
  4. Paper Recycling Information Sheet by Wasteonline.org.UK
  5. Pulp & Paper Health & Safety Association, North Bay, ON, Canada


Typical Paper Industry Operations:
Materials Used and Hazardous Wastes that Might be Generated
Process/Operation Materials Used General Types of Waste Generated
Chemical Pulping Acids/alkalis, lime, sulfurous acid, sodium hydroxide, sodium sulfide Acid/alkaline waste
Bleaching HCl, Chlorine, Chlorine Dioxide, NaOH, Sodium Hypochlorous, Cheltin, and Na-hydrosulfite Toxic wastewater and wastewater treatment sludge, Acid/alkaline waste
Papermaking Pigments, clay, filler, dyes, fibers, dyes, rosin, alum Wastewater treatment sludge
Sizing and Starching Waxes, glues, synthetic resins, hydrocarbons, rosin, alum, AKD, Toxic waste, including wastewaters add sludge
Coating, Coloring, and Dyeing Inks, paints, solvents rubbers, dyes, clay, TiO2 Solvent waste Ink waste Paint waste, Ignitable waste, Toxic waste
Cleaning and Degreasing Tetrachloroethylene, Trichloroethylene, methylene chloride, trichloroethane, carbon tetrachloride Solvent waste, Toxic rinse water

Some facts and figures by www.paperrecycles.org

  • By 2012, the paper industry hopes to recover 55 percent of all the paper Americans consume.
  • The average amount of recycled fiber content in newsprint used by the US newspapers has increased from 10% in 1989 to more than 30% today.
  • In 2003, the amount of paper recovered for recycling averaged 339 pounds for each man, woman and child in the United States.
  • Every ton of paper recycled saves more than 3.3 cubic yards of landfill space.
  • An average household recovers about 45 pounds of newspapers, writing papers, magazines, catalogs, packaging and shipping containers annually.

Some other facts & figures

  • To make one ton of paper using recycled fiber saves the following:

    17 trees
    3.3 cubic yards of landfill space
    360 gallons of water
    100 gallons of gasoline
    60 pounds of air pollutants
    10,401 kilowatts of electricity
    (source: United States Environmental Protection Agency)
  • Nearly 218,000 tons of shredded paper is used each year for animal bedding. (source: American Forest & Paper Association)
  • Recycling paper uses 60% less energy than manufacturing paper from virgin timber.(source: Environmental Protection Agency)
  • Recycling office waste paper saves valuable landfill space – 3 cubic yards for every ton of paper recycled – and extends the lives of our landfills. (source: National Office Paper Recycling Project, The United States Conference of Mayors)
  • Old newspapers are commonly used to make tissue and cardboard, while magazines are often recycled into newspaper. (source: Temperate Forest Foundation)
  • Each person in the United States consumes approximately 675 pounds of paper per year. (source: Temperate Forest Foundation)
  • The material that makes up the largest percentage of the waste stream is paper. Businesses use the greatest amount. (source: Browning-Ferris Industries)
  • Every year, Americans throw away enough office and writing paper to build a wall 12-feet high, stretching from Los Angeles to New York City. (source: Browning-Ferris Industries)
  • If everyone in the United States recycled one-tenth of their newspapers, we could save about 25 million trees every year. (source: Browning-Ferris Industries)
  • In the U.S., more than one third of the fiber used to make new paper products comes from recycled paper. (source: American Forest & Paper Association)

Some numbers on waste paper recycling in UK by Department of Trade & Industry

March 08, 2009

Here are 15 more facts about the environmental impact of the paper industry, courtesy -- as is the quote above -- of The State of the Paper Industry, a report published (on-line) today by the Environmental Paper Network. That is a coalition of environmental groups that aims to minimize paper consumption, maximize recycled content, source paper fiber responsibly and employ cleaner paper production practices. (And don't miss more than a dozen tips for reducing your own paper waste at the bottom of this post.)

  1. Forests store 50% of the world's terrestrial carbon. (In other words, they are awfully important "carbon sinks" that hold onto pollution that would otherwise lead to global warming.)
  2. Half the world's forests have already been cleared or burned, and 80% of what's left has been seriously degraded.
  3. 42% of the industrial wood harvest is used to make paper.
  4. The paper industry is the 4th largest contributor to greenhouse gas emissions among United States manufacturing industries, and contributes 9% of the manufacturing sector's carbon emissions.
  5. Paper accounts for 25% of landfill waste (and one third of municipal landfill waste).
  6. Municipal landfills account for one third of human-related methane emissions (and methane is 23-times more potent a greenhouse gas than is carbon dioxide).
  7. If the United States cut office paper use by just 10% it would prevent the emission of 1.6 million tons of greenhouse gases -- the equivalent of taking 280,000 cars off the road.
  8. Compared to using virgin wood, paper made with 100% recycled content uses 44% less energy, produces 38% less greenhouse gas emissions, 41% less particulate emissions, 50% less wastewater, 49% less solid waste and -- of course -- 100% less wood.
  9. In 2003, only 48.3% of office paper was recovered for recycling.
  10. Recovered paper accounts for 37% of the U.S. pulp supply.
  11. Printing and writing papers use the least amount of recycled content -- just 6%. Tissues use the most, at 45%, and newsprint is not far behind, at 32%.
  12. Demand for recycled paper will exceed supply by 1.5 million tons of recycled pulp per year within 10 years.
  13. While the paper industry invests in new recycled newsprint and paper packaging plants in the developing world, almost none of the new printing and writing paper mills use recycled content.
  14. China, India and the rest of Asia are the fastest growing per-capita users of paper, but they still rank far behind Eastern Europe and Latin America (about 100 pounds per person per year), Australia (about 300 pounds per person per year) and Western Europe (more than 400 pounds per person per year).
  15. The Forest Stewardship Council's certification of sustainable forestry practices is growing, with 50% of the paper product market share and 226 million acres accounted for. Advocates say the demand for recycled paper and sustainably harvested pulp from consumers, advertisers, magazine makers and other users of paper will yield the fastest reforms of the industry.


  1. Baxter Confidential
  2. Bolton Brother, Ipswich
  3. Cutts Brothers Limited
  4. Eastern Waste Disposal
  5. Elsa Recycling Group
  6. Envirofirst UK
  7. Essex Reclamation
  8. Evergreen Facilities Management (UK) Ltd
  9. Failand Paper Services Ltd
  10. Grundon Waste Management
  11. Harris & Company
  12. International Recovered Paper
  13. International Recycling Ltd
  14. Keeble Paper Recycling
  15. Lombard Recycling
  16. Parry & Evans
  17. Perry's Recycling
  18. Recycling UK Limited
  19. Riverdale Paper plc
  20. SES Recycling Ltd
  21. Shirleys Limited
  22. Viridor Transforming Waste
  23. Woodside Recycling, Reading
  • USA Waste Paper Merchants or Processors or Recyclers
  1. ALA Recycling Industries in Canton, MA, USA
  2. Atlantic Coast Fiber LLC, Passaic, NJ, USA
  3. Berg Mill Supply Co., Inc., Los Angles, CA, USA (Collect Mixed Paper, Corrugated Kraft, Plastics and Metals for  domestic and export market ) Contact Daniel Marks-(T)1-323-929-4300, (F) 1-323-939-4100 or danielm@bergmill.com
  4. Draw Enterprises, Inc., Chicago, IL, USA
  5. Elastec Inc. in Carmi, IL, USA
  6. E.L. Harvey Sons, Inc., Westborough, MA, USA
  7. Empire Recycling Corporation, Utica, NY, USA
  8. Great Lakes International Recycling in Roseville, MI, USA
  9. Macon Iron and Paper Stock, Inc., GA, USA
  10. METRO Waste Paper Recovery U.S., Inc. Depew, NY, USA
  11. PaperWebStore, USA
  12. Rareform Carting, Inc., NY, USA
  13. Recycle First, Dover, NH, USA
  14. Reliable Paper Recycling, Jersey City, NJ, USA
  15. Royal Paper Stock Company, Columbus, OH, USA

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