Bongkot is the fibrous casing of palm tree fruit.

Straw & Stalk Fibers Alpha Cellulose Lignin Holo-Cellulose Pentosans Ash
Bongkot 42.7 17.2 70.0 27.2 0.9


image of bongkot tree and fruit        


Coconut Husk


Coir, or coconut fibre, is a natural fibre extracted from the husk of coconut and used in products such as floor mats, doormats, brushes, and mattresses. Coir is the fibrous material found between the hard, internal shell and the outer coat of a coconut. Other uses of brown coir (made from ripe coconut) are in upholstery padding, sacking, horticulture and papermaking. White coir, harvested from unripe coconuts, is used for making finer brushes, string, rope and fishing nets.


image of coconut       image of coconut husk      image of coconut husk fibers




Sisal is a species of Agave native to southern Mexico but widely cultivated and naturalized in many other countries. It yields a stiff fibre used in making various products.
The term sisal may refer either to the plant's common name or the fibre, depending on the context. It is sometimes referred to as "sisal hemp", because for centuries hemp was a major source for fibre, and other fibre sources were named after it.

The sisal fibre is traditionally used for rope and twine, and has many other uses, including paper, cloth, footwear, hats, bags, carpets, and dartboards.



image of sisal plant     image of sisal plant       image of sisal fiber




A bast fiber from the gampi tree used in Japanese papermaking to yield a smooth, strong sheet.


image of gambi fiber


General name of various perennial plants; e.g. common reed, reed canary grass, giant reed; potential feedstock for pulping and papermaking.


picture of reed stalk   picture of reed   picture of reed leaf


A bast fiber used in Japanese papermaking that yields a soft, absorbent and lustrous quality.


picture of mitsumata


The most common fiber used in Japanese papermaking. It comes from the inner bark of shoots of the Kozo (Paper Mulberry) plant, which are harvested annually. Kozo fiber has three layers of bark: the outer black bark, green bark, and the inner white layer. This fiber is strong and very long.


picture of kozo fiber    picture of kozo fiber     picture of kozo fibers



Fiber Length and Diameters of various Raw Material
Raw Material Length (mm) Diameter (micron)
Bongkot 0.82 27
Sunflower 1.28 22