GRADES (TYPES) OF WASTE PAPER

A B C D F G H K L M N O P R S T U W
 

This page contains list of various types of waste paper, recycled paper, recycled fiber, secondary fibers etc. There are two main categories of waste papers, pre-consumer waste, and post-consumer waste.  Pre-consumer waste is material which left the paper mill but was discarded before it was ready for consumer use. Post-consumer waste is material discarded after consumer use

Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries, Inc (ISRI)., Washington DC, USA provides guidelines for waste paper classification for domestic use and export. The classification is based on main source of origin of recyclable material and  maximum allowable Prohibitive Materials and Outthrows.. The waste paper grade, which are based on ISRI classification or US Scrap Specification Circular 2006 sequence number will be identified with Grade #.

Europe Recovered Paper Grades  (Draft of a new version is under publication)
US Recovered Paper Grades                                                            Corrugated Recovery Hits 91 Percent
South African Standard Grade Definition for Recovered Paper


A

Aseptic Packaging
Aseptic Packaging shall include assorted drinking box containers, The material it self contains laminates of paper, poly & metal foil.
 
Beer Carton Waste
Beer Carton Waste shall consist of highly printed (florescent inks) corrugated cardboard with plastic or fiber re-enforcement and hot melt glues.
May not contain over 1% glass contamination.
Bleached Coffee Filter
Consists of baled fully bleached wet-strength waste from the production/manufacture of coffee filters.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................0.5-1%

B

Bleached Cup Stock (#1 Cup)
Consists of untreated cuttings or sheets of coated or uncoated cup base stock. Cuttings with slight bleed may be included. Must be free of wax, poly, and other coatings that are insoluble.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................0.5-1%
Bleached Kraft
Bleached Kraft shall consist of un-printed, un-dyed bleached Kraft fiberboard sheets or trimmings. Must be free of groundwood fibers, coatings or glues of any kind. This material must be suitable as a direct pulp substitute.
Bleached PE-Coated Board (European Grade)
Bleached woodfree PE-coated board from board manufacturers and converters.
Book & Book Stock
Books & Book Stock shall consist of coated or uncoated book stock, as whole books, suitable for guillotining to remove bindings and hard covers. May include groundwood fibers.
Box Board
Box Board shall consist of clean multi-layered paperboard including folding cartons made of typical grey shoe box material, may include printed or Snow Coat boxes or box trimmings.
Box Board Cutting (Grade #4) ISRI Grade
Consists of new cuttings of paperboard used in the manufacture of folding cartons, set-up boxes and similar boxboard products.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0.5 - 1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
Box Board with Foil
Boxboard with Foil shall consist of multi-layered paperboard including folding cartons made of typical gray shoe box material that has been laminated with aluminum foil, may include printed or Snow Coat boxes or box trimmings. Must be free of residual food residues or foreign materials.
Box Board with Poly
Box Board with Poly shall consist of clean multi-layered paper board including folding cartons made of typical gray shoe box material with a poly film windows or laminated blister packs, may include printed or Snow Coat boxes or box trimmings or blister card stock.
Brown Kraft
Brown Kraft shall consist of un-printed, or lightly printed single wall bag Kraft, sheets, trimmings or bags. Must be free of wet strength additives.

C

Carbon Interleaved Ledger
Carbon Interleafed Ledger shall consist of colored or white continuous forms or snap-set carbon interleafed forms. Must be free of groundwood fibers.
Carbonless Thermal Ledger Paper
Carbonless Thermal Ledger Paper shall consist of thermal treated carbonless form papers. Must be free of groundwood fibers and free of carbon paper.
Carbonless Copy Paper (European Grade)
Carbonless copy paper.
Carrier Stock (Grade #17)
Consists of printed or unprinted, unbleached new beverage carrier sheets and cuttings .May contain wet strength additives.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................1%
Cartonboard Cutting (IMW) South African Grade
Consists of new cuttings of paperboard as are used in the manufacture of folding paper cartons and similar boxboard products.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
Coated Book Stock (CBS) (Grade #43)
Consists of coated groundwood free paper, printed or unprinted in sheets, shavings, guillotined books and cuttings, guillotined books and cutting. A reasonable percentage of paper containing fine groundwood may be included.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
Coated Flyleaf Shavings  (Grade #27)
Consists of lightly printed trims from magazines, catalogs and similar printed matter, not limited with respect to groundwood, uncoated or coated stock. The bleed of cover, insert card stock and beater dyed paper may not exceed 2%.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................1%
Coated Groundwood Sections (CGS)
Consists of printed, coated groundwood paper in sheets, sections, shavings or guillotined books. This grade may not include news quality groundwood paper.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
Coated Soft White Shaving (SWS) (Grade #28)
Consists of unprinted, coated, and uncoated shavings and sheets of white groundwood free printing paper. May contain a small percentage of groundwood.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................1%
Colored Envelope
Colored Envelope shall consist of clean, sorted, printed white or colored (beater dyed) envelopes or envelope cuttings. Must be free of plastic windows or water un-soluble glues. May not contain other grades of paper.
Coated Groundwood Sections (CGS) (Grade #44)
Consists of printed, coated groundwood paper in sheets, sections, shaving or guillotined books. May not include news quality groundwood paper.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
Colored Kraft
Colored Kraft shall consist of beater dyed Kraft sheet, trimmings and folded stock, may include bag liner stock but must be free of wet strength additives.
Colored Ledger
Colored Ledger shall consist of sorted, printed or unprinted colored ledger or bond writing papers. Must be free of coated or groundwood fibers. Must be free of paper clips, elastic bands and other foreign materials
Colored Letters (European Grade)
Correspondence, in mixed papers coloured in the mass, with or without print, of printing or writing paper. Free from carbon paper and hard covers.
Colored Tab Cards
Colored Tab Cards shall consist of sorted manila or colored, loose or boxed computer tabulating cards. Must be free of groundwood stock. Must be free of rubber bands, paper clips and other foreign materials. Other grades of paper must be sorted & removed.
Colored Woodfree Magazines (European Grade)
Coated or uncoated magazines, white or coloured in the mass free from non-flexible covers, bindings, non-dispersible inks and adhesives, poster papers, labels or label trim. May include heavily printed circulars and coloured in the mass shavings. Containing a maximum of 10% mechanical pulp-based papers.
Computer Print Out (CPO) & Laser Printed White Ledger (Grade # 42)
CPO & Laser Printed White Ledger shall consist of laser printed white ledger and CPO (continuous Computer Print Outs) that can not be certified as laser free.
In US it consists of white groundwood-free paper in forms manufactured for use in data processing machines. This grade may contain colored stripes and impact or non-impact (e.g. laser)computer printing, and may contain no more than 5% groundwood in the pack. All stock must be untreated and uncoated.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
Corrugated Container (OCC) (Grade #11)
Consists of corrugated containers having liners of either test liner, jute or kraft.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................5%

D

Deinking Grade Newspaper
Deinking Grade Newsprint shall consist of sorted, dry, un-sunburnt newspapers, free of magazines & color inserts. May not contain Over-Issue News.
Double Lined Kraft (DLK)
Double Lined Kraft shall consist of clean sorted unprinted corrugated cardboard cartons, boxes, sheet or trimmings, must be Kraft or jute liner content. May not contain staples or tape, hot melt (or water insoluble) glues or any foreign materials.
Double Sorted Corrugated Container (DS OCC) (Grade #12)
Consists of double-sorted corrugated containers, generated from supermarkets  and/or industrial or commercial facilities, having liners or test liner, jute, or kraft. Material has been specially sorted to be free of boxboard, offshore corrugated, plastic, and wax
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0.5 -1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%

F

Fiber Cores (Grade #14)
Consists of paper cores made from either chipboard and/or linerboard, single or multiple plies. Metal or plastic end caps, wood plugs, and textile residues are not acceptable in this grade.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................5%

G

Glassine
Glassine shall consist of red or white grease resistant papers & bag liners including wax paper.
Grey Board (European Grade)
Printed and unprinted white lined and unlined grey board or mixed board, free from corrugated material.
Grocery Bag Scrap (KGB) (Grade #19)
Consists of new brown kraft bag cuttings, sheets and misprint bags.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................1%
Groundwood Computer Printouts (GW CPO) (Grade #25)
Consists of groundwood papers which are used in forms manufactured for use in data processing machines. This grade may contain colored stripes and impact or non-impact (e.g., laser) computer printing.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
Groundwood Fiber
Groundwood Fiber shall consist of printed or un-printed, coated or un-coated groundwood fiber paper stock, may be buffed or shaved. May include book or magazine stock and trimmings that are free of glues and bindings.

H

Hard Mixed Paper (HMP) - ISRI Grade
Consist of a clean, sorted mixture of various qualities of paper containing less than 10% groundwood content.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0.5 - 1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed................................3%
Hard White Envelope Cutting (HWEC) (Grade #31)
Consists of groundwood free cuttings, shavings, or sheets of unprinted, untreated, and uncoated white envelope paper.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................1%
Hard White Shaving (HWS) (Grade #30)
Hard White shall consist of uncoated, unprinted, ground wood free white papers and cuttings. May include bond or ledger quality papers. Must be of direct pulp substitute quality.
High Grade White One (W1) South African Grade
Consists of unprinted white woodfree paper or board, off cuts or shavings free from water insoluble matter.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
Heavily Printed White Shaving without Glue (European Grade)
Heavily printed white shavings, mainly mechanical pulp-based paper without glue.
Heavy Letter One (HL1) South African Grade
Consists of white printed or unprinted sheets, shavings originating from printers or office records.  This grade must be free of heavily printed or coloured stock and non water soluble adhesives. 
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
Heavy Letter Two (HL2) South African Grade
Consists of pastel coloured printed or unprinted sheets, shavings and cuttings originating from printers or office records.  This grade must be free of heavily printed or coloured stock and non water soluble adhesives.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
High Grade White One (W1) South African Grade
Consists of unprinted white woodfree paper or board, off cuts or shavings free from water insoluble matter.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................0%

K

Kraft Board Stock
Kraft Board Stock shall consist of printed or unprinted solid Kraft board stock, may include non-corrugated cartons, sheet or trimmings. Must be free of boxboard, may contain wet strength treated materials.
Kraft Envelope
Kraft Envelope shall consist of clean, sorted, un-printed Kraft envelopes or envelope cuttings. Must be free of plastic windows or water un-soluble glues. May not contain other grades of paper.
Kraft Grade Corrugated Containers (K4) South African Grade
Consists of corrugated containers having liners of kraft or test liner. 
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................5%
Kraft Grocery Bags (KGB) (Grade #19)
Consists of new brown kraft bag cutting, sheets and misprint bags. 
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................1%
Kraft Multi-wall Bag Waste (Grade #20)
Kraft Multi-wall Bag Waste shall consist of single or multi-wall Kraft bags, sheet or trimmings. Must be free of stitched closures.
Kraft Multi-wall Poly Bag Waste
Kraft Multi-wall Poly Bag Waste shall consist of multi-wall Kraft bags with a single layer poly liner, may include sheet or trimmings. Must be free of stitched closures.

L

Lightly Printed Bleached Kraft (LPBK)
Lightly Printed Bleached Kraft shall consist of lightly (one side, light ink coverage) printed bleached Kraft sheets, trimmings and folded materials. Must be free of groundwood fibers, foreign material laminates and water insoluble glues.
Lightly Printed Bleached Sulphate Board (European Grade)
Lightly printed sheets of bleached sulphate board, without glue, polycoated or waxed materials.
Lightly Printed White Shaving (European Grade)
Lightly printed white shavings, mainly mechanical pulp-based paper.
Lightly Printed White Shaving without Glue (European Grade)
Lightly printed white shavings, mainly mechanical pulp-based paper without glue.
Liquid Board Packaging (European Grade)
Used liquid packaging board including used PE-coated liquid packaging board (with or without aluminium content), containing a minimum of 50% by weight of fibres, and the balance being aluminium or coatings.

M

Magazines (SBM) South African Grade
Consists of unsold magazines and trims from magazine printers including catalogues, brochures with or without latex bindings. May contain up to 10% of uncoated news type paper.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
Magazines (OMG) Grade # 10
Magazines shall consist of sorted magazines whole or shredded, must be free of hot melt glues or water un-soluble bindings, (staple bound materials acceptable). May include coated or uncoated groundwood Fibers.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................3%
Magazines with Hot Melt
Magazines with Hot Melt shall consist of sorted magazines whole or shredded, may include hot melt glues, (staple bound materials acceptable). May include coated or uncoated groundwood fibers.
Manila File Folder Stock
Manila File Folder Stock shall consist of clean, sorted, manila-colored file folder stock. Must be free of groundwood fibers, May be lightly printed but may not include colored stock, Must be free of adhesive labels or foreign attachments. May not contain other grades of paper.
Manila Tab Cards
Manila Tab Cards shall consist of sorted manila-colored, loose or boxed computer tabulating cards. Must be free of groundwood stock. Must be free of rubber bands, paper clips and other foreign materials. Other grades of paper must be sorted & removed.
Manifold Colored Ledger (MCL) (Grade #39)
Manifold Colored Ledger shall consist of printed or un-printed continuous forms or trimmings of colored ledger stock. Must be laser free (certified free of laser printing).
In US it consists of sheets, shavings, and cuttings of industrially-generated printed or unprinted colored or white groundwood-free paper. All stock must be uncoated and free of nonimpact printing. A percentage of carbonless paper is allowable.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0.5-1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
Manifold White Ledger (MWL) (Grade #41)
Manifold White Ledger shall consist of lightly printed or un-printed continuous forms or trimmings of white ledger stock. May contain CPO (Computer Print Outs) that is laser free (certified free of laser printing).
In US it consists of sheets, shavings, and cuttings of industrially-generated printed or unprinted white groundwood-free paper. All stock must be uncoated and free of nonimpact printing. A percentage of carbonless paper is allowable.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0.5-1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
Mechanical Grades Special News (SN) South African Grade
Consists of newspaper, magazines and sorted graphic paper from Kerbside and other post consumer collections.  All Kraft paper must be removed.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................3%
Mechanical Pulp-Based Computer Print-Out (European Grade)
Continuous computer printout, mechanical pulp-based, sorted by colours, may include recycled fibres.
Mill Wrappers ISRI Grade
Consists of paper used as outside wrap for rolls, bundles, or skids of finished paper.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0.5 - 1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................3%
Misprinted Bleached Board (Grade #46)
Consists of groundwood free misprint sheets and cartons of bleached board, free from wax, greaseproof lamination, gilt, and inks, adhesives or coatings that are insoluble.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
Mixed Envelope (New)
Mixed Envelope (new) shall consist of clean, new envelopes and envelope cuttings, may contain white, colored or Kraft envelope, Must be free of plastic windows or water un-soluble glues. May not contain other grades of paper.
Mixed Flyleaf Shaving (Grade #22)
Consists of trim from magazines, catalogs and similar printed matter, not limited with respect to groundwood, uncoated or coated stock, and may contain the bleed of cover and insert stock as well as beater dyed paper and solid color printing.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
Mixed Groundwood Shaving (Grade #22)
Consists of trim of magazines, catalogs and similar printed matter, not limited with respect to groundwood or coated stock, and may contain the bleed of cover and insert stock as well as beater-dyed paper and solid color printing.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
Mixed Kraft Cutting (Grade #16)
Consists of new brown kraft cuttings, sheets and bag scrap free of stitched paper. Less than 10% of groundwood content.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................1%
Mixed Lightly Colored Printer Shaving (European Grade)
Mixed shavings of printing and writing papers, lightly coloured in the mass, containing a minimum of 50% of woodfree paper.
Mixed Lightly Colored Woodfree Printer Shaving (European Grade)
Mixed shavings of printing and writing papers, lightly coloured in the mass, containing a minimum of 90% of woodfree paper.
Mixed Newspaper and Magazines (European Grade)
A mixture of newspapers and magazines, containing a minimum of 60% of magazines, with or without glue.
Mixed Newspaper and Magazines 1 (European Grade)
A mixture of newspapers and magazines, containing a minimum of 50% of newspapers, with or without glue.
Mixed Newspaper and Magazines 2 (European Grade)
A mixture of newspapers and magazines, containing a minimum of 60% of newspapers, with or without glue.
Mixed Office Paper
Clean, sorted ledger & writing papers, free of brown grades, cardboard, boxboard, may contain up to 10% groundwood paper fiber content.
Mixed Packaging (European Grade)
A mixture of various qualities of used paper and board packaging, free from newspapers and magazines.
Mixed Paper (Grade #2)
Consist of a clean sorted mixture of various grades of paper containing less than 10% of groundwood content..
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................3%
Mixed Paper (CMW) - South African Grade
A mixture of various grades of paper and board without restriction on fibre content.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................10%
Mixed paper and board, unsorted, but unusable materials removed (European Grade)
Mixture of various grades of paper and board, without restriction on short fibre content.
Mixed paper and board-sorted (European Grade)
Mixture of various qualities of paper and board, containing a maximum of 40% of newspapers and magazines.
Mixed Recovered Paper and Board (European Grade)
Unsorted paper and board, separated at source.
Mixed Tab Cards
Mixed Tab Cards shall consist of assorted loose or boxed computer tabulating cards. Must be free of groundwood stock. May include cards bundled in rubber bands or with paper clips
Mixed Waste Paper
Mixed Paper shall consist of assorted paper of various grades or types of fibers.
Multi Printing (European Grade)
Woodfree, coated, lightly printed, free from wet-strength paper or paper coloured in the mass.
Municipal Waste Paper
Municipal Waste  Paper shall consist of assorted paper of various grades or types of fibers collected during road sweep.
 

N

New Brown Kraft Envelope Cutting (Grade #21)
Consists of new unprinted brown kraft envelopes, cuttings or sheets.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................1%
New Carrier Kraft (European Grade)
New carrier kraft, may include wet-strength paper.
New Colored Envelope Cutting (Grade #33)
Consists of groundwood free cuttings, shavings, or sheets of untreated, uncoated bleachable colored envelope paper.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed................................2%
New Colored Kraft (Grade #18)
Consists of new colored kraft cuttings, sheets and bag scrap, free of stitched papers.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
To tal Outthrows may not exceed.................................1%
New  Corrugated Kraft Waste (K3) South African Grade
Consists of new corrugated cuttings, sheets and unused boxes as generated by corrugating convertors having liners of kraft or test liner. 
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
News (Grade #6)
Consists of newspaper as typically generated from news drives and curbside collections.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................5%
News Deink Quality (Grade #7 ONP)
Consists of sorted, fresh newspapers, not sunburned, containing not more than the normal percentage of rotogravure and colored sections. May contain magazines.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................0.25 - 1%
New Double Lined Kraft Corrugated Cutting -Dark Medium Light Wax
Consists of baled corrugated cuttings having liners of either kraft, jute or test liner. Non-soluble adhesives, butt rolls, slabbed or hogged medium waxed liners are allowable. This grade may contain medium paper with paraffin wax. Wax will be on approximately 20% of the medium on average.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
New Double Lined Kraft Corrugated Cutting (DLK) (Grade # 13)
Consists of new corrugated cuttings having liners of either test liner, jute, or kraft. Treated medium or liners, insoluble adhesives, butt rolls, slabbed or hogged medium, are not acceptable in this grade
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
New Kraft (European Grade)
Shavings and other new kraft paper and board of a natural shade.
New Kraft Multi-Wall Bag (Grade # 20)
Consists of new brown kraft multi-wall bag cutting, sheets, and misprint bags, free of stiched paper.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................1%
New Shaving of Corrugated Board (European Grade)
Shavings of corrugated board, with liners of kraft or testliner.
Newspapers (European Grade)
Newspapers, containing a maximum of 5% of newspapers or advertisements coloured in the mass.

O

Old Corrugated Cardboard
Clean sorted printed or unprinted corrugated cardboard cartons, boxes or sheet, must be Kraft or jute liner content. May contain staples or poly tape, must be free of asphalt tapes and asphalt lined materials, may not contain more than 5% fiber re-enforced tapes.
Old Corrugated Container (OCC) (Grade #11)
Consists of corrugated containers having liners of either test liner, jute or kraft.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................5%
Old Corrugated Container (European Grade)
Used boxes and sheets of corrugated board of various qualities.
Old Magazine (OMG)
Consists of coated magazines, catalogues, and similar printed materials. May contain a small percentage of uncoated news-type paper.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................3%
Old Newspaper - ISRI Grades
Consists of sorted newspapers and other acceptable papers as typically generated by voluntary collection and curbside collection programs.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................2%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................4%
Other acceptable papers may not exceed 30%
 
Other Waste Paper
Other Waste Paper shall contain any other grade of waste paper not included in the listed grades.
Other PE-Coated Board (European Grade)
Other PE-coated board. May contain unbleached board and paper from board manufacturers and converters.
Over Issue Newspaper OI or OIN (Grade #09)
Over Issue News shall consist of loose or bundled pressroom over issues of newspapers. May not contain magazines, or color inserts. No Prohibitive permitted.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................0%
Over Issue News (#9 ONP) - ISRI Grades
Consists of unused, overrun newspapers printed on newsprint, containing not more than the normal percentage of rotogravure and colored sections.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................0%
Other acceptable papers may not exceed 10%
Over Issue News (FN) South African Grade
Consists of over run unsold newspapers containing not more than the normal percentage of inserts, no flexographic printed material allowed.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................1%

P

Plastic Windowed Colored Envelope
Plastic Windowed Colored Envelope shall consist of clean, sorted, printed white or colored (beater dyed) envelopes or envelope cuttings with plastic windows. Must be free of water un-soluble glues. May not contain other grades of paper.
Plastic Windowed Kraft Envelope
Plastic Windowed Kraft Envelope shall consist of clean, sorted, un-printed Kraft envelopes or envelope cuttings with plastic windows. Must be free of water un-soluble glues. May not contain other grades of paper.
Plastic Windowed Printed Kraft Envelope
Plastic Windowed Printed Kraft Envelope shall consist of clean, sorted, printed Kraft envelopes or envelope cuttings with plastic windows. Must be free of water un-soluble glues.
May not contain other grades of paper.
Plastic Windowed White Envelope
Plastic Windowed White Envelope shall consist of clean, sorted, un-printed white envelopes or envelope cuttings with plastic windows, must be free of printed white or colored envelopes. Must be free of water un-soluble glues. May not contain other grades of paper.
Post-Consumer Waste Paper
Waste paper materials recovered after being used by consumers.
Pre-Consumer Waste Paper
Paper recovered after the papermaking process, but before used by a consumer.
Printed Bleached Board Cutting (Grade #45)
Consists of groundwood free printed bleached board cuttings, free from misprint sheets, cartons, wax, greaseproof lamination, gilt, and inks, adhesives or coatings that are insoluble.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0.5 - 1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
Printed Bleached Cup Stock (#2 Cup)
Consists of printed, untreated formed cups, cup die cuts, and misprint sheets of coated or uncoated cup base stock. Glues must be water soluble. Must be free of wax, poly, and other coatings that are insoluble.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................1%
Printed Bleached Kraft (PBK)
Printed Bleached Kraft shall consist of printed bleached Kraft sheets, trimmings and folded materials. Must be free of groundwood fibers, foreign material laminates and water insoluble glues.
Printed Bleached Plate Stock (Grade #51)
Consists of baled groundwood free bleached coated or uncoated , untreated
Printed plates and sheets. Must be free of coatings or inks that are insoluble.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................1%
Printed Bleached Sulphate Board (European Grade)
Heavily printed sheets of bleached sulphate board, without glue, polycoated or waxed materials.
Printed Kraft Envelope
Printed Kraft Envelope shall consist of clean, sorted, printed Kraft envelopes or envelope cuttings.
Must be free of plastic windows or water un-soluble glues.
May not contain other grades of paper.
Printed White Wet-Strength Woodfree Papers (European Grade)
Printed White Wet-Strength Woodfree Papers.
Publication Blanks (CPB) (Grade #26)
Consists of unprinted cuttings or sheets of white coated or filled groundwood content paper.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................1%

R

Recovered Paper
Paper recovered for recycling into new paper products. Recovered paper can be collected from industrial sources (scraps, transport packaging, unsold newspapers...) or from household collections (old newspapers and magazines, household packaging).
Recovered Paper Grades
Recovered paper sorted by types in order to be recycled by paper mills. Specific grades are used by paper mills, in order to produce different types of paper and boards.
Regular News, De-ink Quality (#7 ONP) - ISRI Grades
Consists of sorted, fresh newspapers, not sunburned, and other acceptable papers. This grade may contain magazines.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................3%
Other acceptable papers may not exceed 20%
Residential Mixed Paper  - ISRI Grade
Consists of a mixture of various qualities of paper not limited as to type of fiber content, normally generated from residential, multi-material collection programs.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0.5 - 1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed................................3%
Ruled White
Consists of sulphate or sulphite scrap from a lined paper tablet maker, free of non water soluble glues. This grade contains blue and red lines used in tablet manufacturing.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%

S

Scrap Paper
Scrap paper is a generic term used to describe a mixture of high and low grade waste paper types. Common paper items found in scrap paper include: office paper, newspaper, corrugated cardboard, magazines, box board, envelopes, junk mail, phone books, and packaging paper. This category can include: a wide variety of types and colors of paper; a mix of mechanically or chemically pulped paper; coated and uncoated paper stock; and bleached and kraft paper.
Semi Bleached Cutting (Grade #35)
Consists of sheets and cuttings of unprinted, untreated, groundwood free paper such as file folder stock, manila tabulating card trim, untreated milk carton stock, or manila tag.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
Shredded Mixed Office Paper
Same as mixed office waste but shredded for security or privacy reasons.
Soft Mixed Paper (Grade #1)
Consist of a mixture of various grades of paper not limited to baling or fiber content.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................2%
Total Outthrows may not exceed................................10%
Soft Mixed Paper- ISRI Grade
Consist of a clean, sorted mixture of various qualities of paper not limited as to fiber content.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed................................5%
Soft White
Soft White shall consist of un-printed, coated or un-coated white paper stock, may be buffed or shaved, May contain up to 50% coated groundwood fiber content.
Solid Fiber Containers
Solid Fiber Containers shall consist of sorted solid paper containers such as molded drink trays molded paper egg trays.
Sorted Graphic Paper for Deinking (European Grade)
Sorted graphic paper from households, newspapers and magazines, each at a minimum of 40%. The percentage of nondeinkable paper and board should be reduced over time to a maximum level of 1.5%. The actual percentage is to be negotiated between buyer and seller.
Sorted Office Paper (European Grade)
Sorted office paper.
Sorted Office Paper (SOP) South African Grade
Consists of paper as typically generated by offices, containing primarily white and coloured groundwood free paper, free of unbleached fibre.  May include a small percentage of carbonless paper. 
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................5%
Sorted Office Waste (SOW)
Typically generated by offices, containing primarily white and colored groundwood free paper, free of unbleached fiber. May include a small percent groundwood computer printout and facsimile paper.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................2%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................5%
Sorted White Ledger (SWL) (Grade #40)
Consists of uncoated, printed or unprinted sheets, shavings, guillotined books, and cuttings of white groundwood-free ledger, bond, writing, and other papers which has similar fiber and filler content
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0.5-1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
Special Grade Liquid Board Packaging (LBP) South African Grade
Used or unused liquid packaging boards including used Poly Ethylene coated liquid packaging board (with or without aluminum content).  Containing a minimum of 50% by weight of fibres and the balance being aluminum or coatings..
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................3%
Special Magazine (SSBM) South African Grade
Unsold magazines and trims from magazine printers, including catalogues, brochures without latex bindings. May contain a small percentage of news type paper.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
Special News Deink Quality (#8 ONP)
Consists of sorted, fresh newspapers, not sunburned, free from magazines, white blank, pressroom over-issues, and paper other than news, containing not more than the normal percentage of rotogravure and colored sections. This grade must be tare-free.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................0.25 - 1%
Special News, De-ink Quality (#8 ONP) - ISRI Grades
Consists of sorted, fresh newspapers, not sunburned, and other acceptable papers. This grade is to be relatively free from magazines and contain not more than the normal percentage of rotogravure and colored sections.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
Other acceptable papers may not exceed 10%
Supermarket Corrugated paper and Board (European Grade)
Used paper and board packaging, containing a minimum of 70% of corrugated board, the rest being solid board and wrapping papers.
Supermix (SMW) South African Grade
Consists of mix of HL1 / HL2 in ratio 50% HL1, 50% HL2. This grade must be free of non water soluble adhesives.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................1%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
 

T

Tear White Shaving (European Grade)
White woodfree lightly printed shavings without glue, free from wet-strength paper and paper coloured in the mass.
Telephone Books (European Grade)
New and used telephone books, with unlimited content of pages coloured in the mass, with and without glue. Shavings allowed.
Telephone Directories (TD) South African Grade
Consists of clean telephone directories printed for or by telephone directory publishers. 
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
Telephone Directories (Grade #23)
Consists of clean telephone directories printed for or by telephone directory publishers.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................0.5-1%

U

Unprinted Bleached Board (Grade #47)
Consists of groundwood free unprinted, untreated bleached board cuttings, sheets or rolls, free from wax, greaseproof lamination and adhesives or coatings that are insoluble.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................1%
Unprinted Bleached Plate Stock (Grade #50)
Consists of groundwood free bleached coated or uncoated, untreated printed plates and sheets. Must be free of coatings or inks that are insoluble.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................0.5-1%
Unprinted Bleached Sulphate Board (European Grade)
Unprinted sheets of bleached sulphate board, without glue, polycoated or waxed materials.
Unprinted Bleached Sulphate Kraft
Consists of unprinted bleached sulphate cuttings, free from misprint sheets, printed cartons, wax, greaseproof lamination, gilt, and inks, adhesives or coatings that are non-soluble.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
Unprinted White Wet-Strength Woodfree Papers (European Grade)
Unprinted White Wet-Strength Woodfree Papers.
Unsold Magazine (European Grade)
Unsold magazine with or without glue.
Unsold Magazine without glue (European Grade)
Unsold magazine without glue.
Unsold Newspapers (European Grade)
Unsold daily newspapers, free from additional inserts or illustrated material coloured in the mass.
Unsold Newspapers, no Flexo-Graphic Printing allowed (European Grade)
Unsold daily newspapers, free from additional inserts or illustrated material coloured in the mass, strings allowed. No flexo-graphic printed material allowed.
Unsorted Office Paper (UOP) Grade # 37
Consists of printed or unprinted paper typically generated in an offices environment that may include a document destruction process. This grade may contain white, colored, coated and uncoated papers, manila and pastel colored file folders. 
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................2%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................10%
Unused Corrugated Kraft (European Grade)
Unused boxes, sheets and shavings of corrugated board, with kraft liners only, the fluting made from chemical or thermo-chemical pulp.
Unused Corrugated Material (European Grade)
Unused boxes, sheets and shavings of corrugated board, with liners of kraft or testliner.
Unused Kraft Bags (K1) South African Grade
Consists of new kraft multi wall bag cuttings, sheets and misprint bags, free of stitched papers, poly liners and wet strength paper. 
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
Unused Kraft Sacks (European Grade)
Unused kraft sacks. Wet strength and non wet-strength.
Unused Kraft Sacks with Polycoated Papers (European Grade)
Unused kraft sacks. Wets trength and non wet-strength. May include poly-coated papers.
Used Brown Kraft (Grade #15)
Consists of brown kraft bags free of objectionable liners and original contents.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................0.5 - 1%
Used Corrugated Kraft 1 (European Grade)
Used boxes of corrugated board, with kraft liners only, the fluting made from chemical or thermo-chemical pulp.
Used Corrugated Kraft 2 (European Grade)
Used boxes of corrugated board, with  liners of kraft or testliners but having at least one liner made of kraft.
Used Kraft (European Grade)
Used kraft paper and board of a natural or white shade.
Used Kraft Bags (K1)
Consists of new kraft multi wall bag cuttings, sheets and misprint bags, free of stitched papers, poly liners and wet strength paper.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................2%
Used Kraft Sacks (European Grade)
Clean used kraft sacks. Wetstrength and non wet-strength.
Used Kraft Sacks with Polycoated Papers (European Grade)
Clean used kraft sacks. Wetstrength and non wet-strength. May include polycoated papers.

W

Waxed Box Board
Waxed Box Board shall consist of multi-layered paper board including folding cartons made of typical gray shoe box material that has been laminated or coated with wax (paraffin wax), may include printed or Snow Coat boxes or box trimmings. Must be free of residual food residues or foreign materials.
Waxed Corrugated
Waxed Corrugated shall consist of clean sorted printed or unprinted corrugated cardboard cartons, boxes or sheet that has been coated with wax (paraffin wax), must be Kraft or jute liner content. May contain staples or poly tape, must be free of asphalt tapes and asphalt lined materials, may not contain more than 5% fiber re-enforced tapes.
Waxed Cup Stock
Waxed Cup Stock shall consist of a Printed Bleached Kraft stock that has been wax (paraffin wax ) coated. May include milk cartons, ice cream containers etc. that are waxed PBK, and groundwood free.
Wet Labels (European Grade)
Used wet labels from wet strength papers, containing a maximum of 1% glass content, and a maximum of 50% moisture, without other unusable materials.
White Blank News (WBN)  (Grade #24)
Consists of unprinted cutting and sheets of white newsprint or other uncoated white groundwood paper of similar quality.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................1%
White Envelope
White Envelope shall consist of clean, sorted, un-printed white envelopes or envelope cuttings, must be free of printed white or colored envelopes. Must be free of plastic windows or water insoluble glues. May not contain other grades of paper.
White Heavily Printed Multiply Board (European Grade)
New cuttings of heavily printed white multiply board, containing woodfree, mechanical or thermo-mechanical pulp plies, but without grey plies.
White Ledger
White Ledger shall consist of sorted, printed or unprinted white ledger or bond writing papers. Must be free of coated or groundwood fibers. Must be free of paper clips, elastic bands and other foreign materials.
White Lightly Printed Multiply Board (European Grade)
New cuttings of lightly printed white multiply board, containing woodfree, mechanical or thermo-mechanical pulp plies, but without grey plies.
White News Blank (WNB) (Grade #24)
News Blank shall consist of clean, dry, unprinted white newsprint, may contain trimmings, roll tare-offs, butt rolls (ends of rolls on cores). May not contain colored newsprint or printed white newsprint. Must be fresh and un-sunburnt.
Prohibitive materials may not exceed...........................0%
Total Outthrows may not exceed.................................1%
White Unprinted Multi-ply Board (European Grade)
New cuttings of unprinted white multiply board, containing woodfree, mechanical or thermo-mechanical pulp plies, but without grey plies.
White Woodfree Books (European Grade)
Books, including misprints of books, without hard covers, mainly of woodfree white paper, black printed only. Containing a maximum of 10% of coated paper.
White Business Forms (European Grade)
White woodfree business forms.
White Business Forms (European Grade)
White woodfree business forms.
White Mechanical Pulp Based Coated and Uncoated Paper (European Grade)
Shavings and sheets of white unprinted coated and uncoated mechanical pulp-based paper.
White Mechanical Pulp Based Paper containing  Coated Paper (European Grade)
Shavings and sheets of white unprinted mechanical pulp-based coated paper.
White Newsprint (European Grade)
Shavings and sheets of white unprinted newsprint, free from magazine paper.
White Newsprint (European Grade)
Shavings and sheets of white unprinted newsprint, free from magazine paper.
White Shaving (European Grade)
Shavings and sheets of white unprinted paper, free from newsprint and magazine paper containing a minimum of 60% of woodfree paper; may contain a maximum of 10% of coated paper. Without glue.
White Woodfree Computer Printout (European Grade)
White woodfree computer print-out, free from carbonless paper and glue.
White Woodfree Shaving (European Grade)
Shavings and sheets of white unprinted woodfree paper, may contain a maximum of 5% of coated paper. Without glue.
White Woodfree Uncoated Shaving (European Grade)
Shavings and sheets of white unprinted woodfree paper, free from coated paper. Without glue.
Woodfree Binders (European Grade)
White woodfree lightly printed shavings with glue, free from paper coloured in the mass. May contain a maximum of 10% of mechanical pulp-based paper.
Wrapper Kraft (European Grade)
Poly-lined, sprayed, or laminated used kraft. Must not contain bitumen or wax coatings.
 


TOP OF THE PAGE

Specialty Grades (as per US Scrap Specification Circular 2013)

The grades listed below are produced and traded in carload and truckload quantities throughout the United States, and because of certain characteristics (i.e., the presence of wet strength, polycoatings, plastic, foil, carbon paper, hot melt glue), are not included in the regular grades of paper stock. However, it is recognized that many mills have special equipment and are able to utilize large quantities of these grades. Since many paper mills around the world do use these specialty grades, they are being listed with appropriate grade numbers for easy reference. The Paper Stock Industries Chapter of ISRI is not establishing specific specifications, which would refer to such factors as the type of wet strength agent used, the percentage of wax, the amount of polycoating, whether it is on top of or under the printing, etc. The specification for each grade should be determined between Buyer and Seller, and it is recommended that purchase be made based on sample.

1—S White Waxed Cup Cuttings
2—S Printed Waxed Cup Cuttings
3—S Plastic Coated Cups
4—S Polycoated Bleached Kraft—Unprinted
5—S Polycoated Bleached Kraft—Printed
6—S Polycoated Milk Carton Stock
7—S Polycoated Diaper Stock
8—S Polycoated Boxboard Cuttings
9—S Waxed Boxboard Cuttings
10—S Printed and/or Unprinted Bleached Sulphate Containing Foil
11—S Waxed Corrugated Cuttings
12—S Wet Strength Corrugated Cuttings
13—S Asphalt Laminated Corrugated Cuttings
14—S Beer Carton Scrap
15—S Contaminated Bag Scrap
16—S Insoluble Glued Free Sheet Paper and/or Board (IGS)
17—S White Wet Strength Scrap
18—S Brown Wet Strength Scrap
19—S Printed and/or Colored Wet Strength Scrap
20—S File Stock
21—S New Computer Print Out
22—S Ruled White
23—S Flyleaf Shavings Containing Hot Melt Glue
24—S Carbon Mix
25—S Books with Covers
26—S Unsorted Tabulating Cards
27—S Colored Tabulating Cards
28—S Carbonless Treated Ledger
29—S (Not currently in use)
30—S Plastic Windowed Envelopes
31—S Textile Boxes
32—S Printed TMP
33—S Unprinted TMP
34—S Manila Tabulating Cards
35—S Sorted Colored Ledger
36—S Computer Print Out (CPO)


TOP OF THE PAGE


Grades of Baled Waste Paper traded at RecyclerExchnage:

Aseptic Packaging
Baled Corrugated Cardboard
Baled Mixed Paper
Beer Carton Waste
Bleached Kraft
Books & Book Stock
BoxBoard
BoxBoard with Foil
BoxBoard with Poly
Brown Kraft
Carbon Interleafed Ledger
Carbonless Thermal Ledger Paper
Carrier Stock
Colored Envelope
Colored Kraft
Colored Ledger
Colored Tab Cards
CPO & Laser Printed White Ledger
DeInking Grade Newsprint
DLK Double Lined Kraft
Glassine
Groundwood Fiber
Hard White
Kraft Envelope
Kraft Multi Wall Bag Waste
Kraft Multi Wall PolyBag Waste
LPBK Lightly Printed Bleached Kraft
Magazines
Magazines with HotMelt
Manifold Colored Ledger
Manifold White Ledger & CPO
Manila File Folder Stock
Manila Tab Cards
Mixed Envelope (new)
Mixed Tab Cards
News Blank
ONP Old News Papers
Over Issue News
PBK Printed Bleached Kraft
Plastic Windowed White Envelope
Plastic Windowed Colored Envelope
Plastic Windowed Kraft Envelope
Printed Kraft Envelope
Plastic Windowed Printed Kraft Envelope
Soft White
Solid Fiber Containers
SOP Sorted Office Paper
Super Ledger
Waxed Cup Stock
Waxed BoxBoard
Waxed Corrugated
White Envelope
White Ledger
Other Waste Paper

Prohibitive Material
The term “Prohibitive Material” as used is defined;
 
a. Any materials which by their presence in a packing of paper stock, in excess of the amount allowed, will make the packaging unusable as the grade specified.

b. Any materials that may be damaging to equipment.

Note: The maximum quantity of “Outthrows” indicated in connection with the grade definitions is understood to be the TOTAL of “Outthrows” and “Prohibitive Materials:”
 
Outthrow
The term “Outthrows” as used is defined as “all papers that are so manufactured or treated or are in such a form as to be unsuitable for consumption as the grade specified.”
 
A material can be classified as an “Outthrow” in one grade and as a "Prohibitive Material" in another grade. Carbon paper, for instance, is “UNSUITABLE” in Mixed Paper and is, therefore, classified as an “Outthrow;” whereas it is “UNUSABLE” in White Ledger and in this case classified as a “Prohibitive Material:”


TOP OF THE PAGE