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This page contains list of various types of pulp and paper based on their end use, process of manufacturing, raw material used etc. Papers can be graded in 'n' numbers of ways and if we count all permutation and combination of grades total grades may well exceed 10000. Some of the major grades classifications are;
1. Based on basis weight
2. Based on Color
3. Based on Usage
4. Based on Raw Material
5. Based on Surface Treatment
North America The definition of newsprint used by the PPPC for statistical purposes is as follows:
Western Europe Newsprint is that quality of paper used chiefly for the publication of newspapers and which has a basis weight of 40 - 57 grams. Other properties correspond to the EU harmonized definition, with a brightness up to and including 71 ISO.
Grammage Colour Caliper Brightness Ash Content Sizing Smoothness 40 - 57 grams per square metre; white or slightly coloured; under 100.0 microns (0.00394 inches); less than or equal to 65 ISO; not exceeding 8.0% by weight; unsized or lightly sized; greater than or equal to 2.61 PPS :m (S10)
Rest of World Uncoated paper of a kind used for the printing of newspapers, of which not less than 65% by weight of the total fibre content consists of wood fibres obtained by a mechanical or chemi-mechanical process, unsized or very lightly sized, having a surface roughness Parker Print Surf (1 MPa) on each side exceeding 2.5 micrometres (microns), weighing not less than 40g/m2 and not more than 65g/m2.
Grammage Colour Brightness Ash content Smoothness Bulky Factor Furnish 40 - 57 grams per square metre; white or slightly coloured; 59 - 71ISO; not exceeding 10 percent by weight; not exceeding 200 seconds BEKK; below 1.7; not less than 65 percent mechanical pulp by weight.
For PPPC definition of some other common grades of pulp and paper, please visit http://www.pppc.org/en/1_0/index.html
At-Home products: Also known as Consumer Products, these are the tissue products you purchase in the grocery store and convenience store for use in your home and include toilet paper and facial tissue, napkins and paper towels, and other special sanitary papers.
Away-from-Home products: Also known as Commercial & Industrial Tissue, these are the products that serve markets such as hospitals, restaurants, businesses, institutions, and janitorial supply firms.
Specialty: These types of tissue papers are often high-end, decorative papers that are glazed, unglazed, or creped, and include wrapping tissue for gifts and dry cleaning, as well as crepe paper for decorating.
Facial tissue: The class of soft, absorbent papers in the sanitary tissue group. Originally used for removal of creams, oil, and so on, from the skin, it is now used in large volume for packaged facial tissue, toilet paper, paper napkins, professional towels, industrial wipes, and for hospital items. Most facial tissue is made of bleached sulfite or sulfate pulp, sometimes mixed with bleached and mechanical pulp, on a single-cylinder or fourdrinier machine. Desirable characteristics are softness, strength, and freedom from lint.
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